Going Nowhere: Learning Haiku from Pico Iyer

First published in Frogpond 43:2, Spring/Summer 2020, pages 120–125. Originally written in December of 2019, before the 2020 coronavirus pandemic, but quickly relevant to this global situation. I’ve given this as an online Zoom meeting presentation, during lock-down, for the King County Library System (view on YouTube; this presentation lacks the PowerPoint show I created for later online presentations), the Southern California Haiku Study Group, Haiku Northwest, the Vancouver Haiku Group, the Haiku Poets of the Garden State (New Jersey), the Ohaio-ku Study Group (Ohio), the San Diego Haiku Group (California), the Kiwi-ku Haiku Poets (New Zealand), the Paperbark haiku group in Perth, Australia, the London Haiku Group in England, and for the Fringe Myrtles haiku group in Melbourne, Australia (see a report about this meeting), and elsewhere. I’ve also made a few revisions to the following text since its original publication. The postscript was included with the original publication in Frogpond, but since then Ive added A Few More Nowhere Poems at the end. In a similar vein, I also recommend Erling Kagges book, Silence in the Age of Noise (Vintage Books, 2018).

“Stillness is what creates love. Movement is what creates life.
To be still, yet still moving—that is everything!”
—Do Hyun Choe

                nowhere I have to be . . .
                driftwood floats
                on the tide
                                Cara Holman, A Hundred Gourds 2:3, June 2013, 11

                nowhere I need to be
                a cabbage moth flits
                among the daylilies
                                Hannah Mahoney, Acorn 39, Fall 2017, 2

                deep autumn . . .
                knowing there is nowhere
                I have to be
                                Bill Kenney, Frogpond 35:1, Winter 2012, 22

It would seem that travel writers are always eager to extol the virtues of travel, how it broadens your mind, makes you aware of other points of view, challenges your assumptions about possibly everything, and thus gives you growth. But Pico Iyer is a travel writer who recognizes the value of home, of going nowhere, of how an appreciation for the ordinary, as with haiku poetry, can enhance your daily life. It’s a different kind of growth. As he says, quoting Dorothy from Wizard of Oz, “If I ever go looking for my heart’s desire again, I won’t look any further than my own backyard.”

                out of nowhere isn’t
                                Marlene Mountain, Roadrunner VII:4, November 2007

                nowhere is
                 now here
                                Timothy Russell, Heron Quarterly 2:2, April 1998

                summer i go nowhere twice
                                Gregory Hopkins, Roadrunner IX:2, May 2009

        Many haiku poets know Pico Iyer for his 1991 book The Lady and the Monk: Four Seasons in Kyoto, about a year spent in Japan. His most recent books, both published by Knopf in 2019, are Autumn Light: Season of Fire and Farewells and A Beginner’s Guide to Japan. In 2017, he published The Art of Stillness: Adventures in Going Nowhere 
(New York: TED Books / Simon & Schuster). It grew out of a 2014 TED talk that you can find online. The book is enhanced by contemplative pictures of oceans, mountains, clouds, and forests. He begins by describing a meeting with Leonard Cohen at Mt. Baldy Zen Center, and tells us that Cohen’s monastery name was Jikan, which means the silence between two thoughts (2). This is the space of “ma” in haiku, the “dreaming room” between the poem’s two juxtaposed parts where the best haiku find their deepest reverberation, much like, as Iyer notes, “the rest in a piece of music that gives it resonance and shape” (53). He also says, “Going nowhere, as Cohen described it, was the grand adventure that makes sense of everywhere else” (4). He also says, “as Cohen talked about the art of sitting still . . . I observed the sense of attention, kindness, and even delight that seemed to arise out of his life of going nowhere” (5), and that “Going nowhere . . . is not about austerity so much as about coming closer to one’s senses” (6). I think of Mary Oliver, who said, in her prose poem “Yes! No!” (from New and Selected Poems, Volume Two, Boston: Beacon Press, 2005, 151), “To pay attention, this is our endless and proper work.” She also said, in A Poetry Handbook (San Diego: Harcourt Brace & Company, 1994, 106), that poetry “began through the process of seeing, and feeling, and hearing, and smelling, and touching, and then remembering—I mean remembering in words—what these perceptual experiences were like.” That’s haiku. We can practice this sensing, this attention to the ordinary, right at home—nowhere. Home is the realm of haiku, of self care, and Iyer invites us to join “the adventure of going nowhere” (7). Nowhere, he asserts, is “a place of trust” (65). Or, as the Beatles once sang, “Oh, that magic feeling, nowhere to go.”

                first flakes
                the nowhere voices
                of geese
                                Ann K. Schwader, The Heron’s Nest 14:2, June 2012

                Under the full moon
                I will stay nowhere this evening
                but beside this pine tree
                                Buson, W. S. Merwin and Takako Lento, trans., Collected Haiku of Yosa Buson,
                                Port Townsend: Copper Canyon Press 2013, #530, 143

                Footprints in the snow
                                Anita Arita, Modern Haiku 7:3, August 1976, 23

        Iyer extends his invitation to writing too: “Writers, of course, are obliged by our professions to spend much of our time nowhere. Our creations come not when we’re out in the world, gathering impressions, but when we’re sitting still, turning those impressions into sentences [or haiku]. Our job, you could say, is to turn, through stillness, a life of movement into art” (21). As Wordsworth said, poetry is heightened emotion recollected in tranquility. In A Bamboo Broom, Harold G. Henderson described Bashō’s famous old-pond jumping-frog poem by saying that “there must have been external quiet for the sound to have been heard and internal quiet for it to have been noticed” (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1934, 34, emphasis added). Without silence, we cannot have words, and silence precedes utterance, including haiku. As Walter E. Harris put it in Haiku One Breaths (Hauppauge, New York: Allbook Books, 2004, 29), “Considering that one ‘speaks’ on the out-breath (exhale), it is worth contemplating what occurs on the in-breath, which is another way of saying ‘inspiration,’ a word meaning ‘to breath in spirit.’ Thus, if a haiku can be spoken in One Breath (or really, one exhaled breath), the other half is just as important, or it is the silent place before the words are spoken.” As Iyer says, “it’s only when you stop moving that you can be moved in some far deeper way” (22). And yet, in contrast, he adds, “the external environment can too easily be a reflection of—sometimes a catalyst for—an inner one” (33). With practice, we can balance the inner and the outer, and facilitate a pathway for their communication.

                walking the tracks
                my thoughts
                go nowhere
                                Tom Clausen, Cornell University Mann Library’s Daily Haiku, 25 January 2010

                I’m back here in the middle
                     of nowhere—
                At least I think so
                                Jack Kerouac, Book of Haikus, Regina Weinreich, ed., New York: Penguin, 2003, 89

                closing time
                nowhere to go
                but home
                                Renée Owen, Contemporary Haibun Online 5:2, 2009

        Iyer proposes that the art of going nowhere can help give you contentment, and when life circumstances might even require us to stay home, we can learn to make the most of it. He quotes Blaise Pascal, who said, “All the unhappiness of men arises from one simple fact: that they cannot sit quietly in their chamber” (41). Earlier he quoted Cohen, who said “Going nowhere . . . isn’t about turning your back on the world; it’s about stepping away now and then so that you can see the world more clearly and love it more deeply” (13). Or, as Abu Sa’id noted, “Take one step away from yourself—and behold!—the Path!” Indeed, Iyer emphasizes that “the ability to gather information, which used to be so crucial, is now far less important than the ability to sift through it” (42).

                winter morning
                a down comforter
                and nowhere to go
                                Megan Elizabeth Monish, Mainichi Daily News, March 2010

                A dream of
                belonging nowhere—
                wheat ripens
                                Yoshitomo Abe, World Haiku, 2007, 6

                carousel ride
                laughing children going
                nowhere . . . everywhere
                                Robert J. Gaurnier, Modern Haiku 31:1, Winter–Spring 2000, 10

        Iyer also speaks of taking a “secular Sabbath.” “Doing nothing for a while,” he says, “is one of the hardest things in life” (53), and quotes Emily Dickinson, who wrote, “Some keep the Sabbath going to Church . . . I keep it, staying at Home” (56). He later says, “The point of gathering stillness is not to enrich the sanctuary or mountaintop but to bring that calm into the motion, the commotion of the world” (63). This desire to gather stillness, a kind of belonging, is a goal of haiku, or at least an effect. Ultimately, Pico Iyer concludes as follows (66):

                In an age of speed . . . nothing could be more invigorating than going slow.
                In an age of distraction, nothing can feel more luxurious than paying attention.
                And in an age of constant movement, nothing is more urgent than sitting still.

Of course, there’s no such thing as nowhere. Nowhere is effectively a metaphor for any place that may be ordinary or indistinct. Nor do poems about the “nowheres” of our lives need to use the word “nowhere.” Rather, they can celebrate whatever might be ordinary in our homes, our neighbourhoods, our towns, and in every other aspect of our lives. As Kerouac said, “Haiku should be as simple as porridge.” Haiku poets celebrate the ordinary so we are well inclined and even encouraged to go nowhere as often as possible, to recognize the mysticism of the ordinary. Here’s to going nowhere with our lives, at least at times, and to writing haiku about the adventures of the ordinary.

                the pleasure
                of going nowhere
                                Deb Baker, The Heron’s Nest 15:2, June 2013, 5

                what the hell I’ll take a walk nowhere
                                Gerard John Conforti, Modern Haiku 38:2, Summer 2007, 16

                a rock
                in the middle of nowhere
                making it somewhere
                                Graham High, Earth, British Haiku Society, 2009


I had the chance to meet Pico Iyer on 25 May 2019 at the Seattle Art Museum, where he gave a reading from his book, Autumn Light: Season of Fire and Farewells. We talked for a few minutes about common acquaintances, Kyoto, the fact that my wife is Japanese, and how much I appreciated his Art of Stillness book. When I asked him if he wrote haiku, he laughed and said, “Oh, no—I stopped very quickly when I discovered how difficult it was!”

A Few More Nowhere Poems

            A cloud of bugs
                 busily going nowhere
                      in a ray of sun.
                            James W. Hackett, The Zen Haiku and Other Zen Poems of J.W. Hackett (1983), 73
            a kingfisher calls
            from out of nowhere
                            Renée Owen, Modern Haiku 42:2 (summer 2011), 106
            April Fool—
            I do up my hair
            and go nowhere
                            Masajo Suzuki, Emiko Miyashita and Lee Gurga, trans., Love Haiku (2000)
            childhood home
            my concrete footprints
            going nowhere
                            Ernest J. Berry, Getting On (2016)
            cold April wind . . .
            I watch the snail
            go nowhere
                            Stanford M. Forrester, Haiku Canada Newsletter 16:3
            Dry leaves
                 briskly blowing
                            Jody Toya, Modern Haiku 9:3 (autumn 1978), 45
            with nowhere to turn
                            Christopher Herold, The Heron’s Nest 11:4 (December 2009)
            faraway train whistle
            the sound of me
            going nowhere
                            Alan S. Bridges, Ephemerae 1A (April 2018)
            the water
            in the creekbed
            going nowhere
                            Tom Clausen, Upstate Dim Sum 2012/II, 10